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00001 """optik.option

Defines the Option class and some standard value-checking functions.

Cheetah modifications:  added "Cheetah.Utils.optik." prefix to
  all intra-Optik imports.

__revision__ = "$Id: option.py,v 1.2 2002/09/12 06:56:51 hierro Exp $"

# Copyright (c) 2001 Gregory P. Ward.  All rights reserved.
# See the README.txt distributed with Optik for licensing terms.

# created 2001/10/17, GPW (from optik.py)

import sys
from types import TupleType, DictType
from Cheetah.Utils.optik.errors import OptionError, OptionValueError

_builtin_cvt = { "int" : (int, "integer"),
                 "long" : (long, "long integer"),
                 "float" : (float, "floating-point"),
                 "complex" : (complex, "complex") }

def check_builtin (option, opt, value):
    (cvt, what) = _builtin_cvt[option.type]
        return cvt(value)
    except ValueError:
        raise OptionValueError(
            #"%s: invalid %s argument %r" % (opt, what, value))
            "option %s: invalid %s value: %r" % (opt, what, value))

# Not supplying a default is different from a default of None,
# so we need an explicit "not supplied" value.

00039 class Option:
    Instance attributes:
      _short_opts : [string]
      _long_opts : [string]

      action : string
      type : string
      dest : string
      default : any
      nargs : int
      const : any
      callback : function
      callback_args : (any*)
      callback_kwargs : { string : any }
      help : string
      metavar : string

    # The list of instance attributes that may be set through
    # keyword args to the constructor.
    ATTRS = ['action',

    # The set of actions allowed by option parsers.  Explicitly listed
    # here so the constructor can validate its arguments.
    ACTIONS = ("store",

    # The set of actions that involve storing a value somewhere;
    # also listed just for constructor argument validation.  (If
    # the action is one of these, there must be a destination.)
    STORE_ACTIONS = ("store",

    # The set of actions for which it makes sense to supply a value
    # type, ie. where we expect an argument to this option.
    TYPED_ACTIONS = ("store",

    # The set of known types for option parsers.  Again, listed here for
    # constructor argument validation.
    TYPES = ("string", "int", "long", "float", "complex")

    # Dictionary of argument checking functions, which convert and
    # validate option arguments according to the option type.
    # Signature of checking functions is:
    #   check(option : Option, opt : string, value : string) -> any
    # where
    #   option is the Option instance calling the checker
    #   opt is the actual option seen on the command-line
    #     (eg. "-a", "--file")
    #   value is the option argument seen on the command-line
    # The return value should be in the appropriate Python type
    # for option.type -- eg. an integer if option.type == "int".
    # If no checker is defined for a type, arguments will be
    # unchecked and remain strings.
    TYPE_CHECKER = { "int"    : check_builtin,
                     "long"   : check_builtin,
                     "float"  : check_builtin,
                     "complex"  : check_builtin,

    # CHECK_METHODS is a list of unbound method objects; they are called
    # by the constructor, in order, after all attributes are
    # initialized.  The list is created and filled in later, after all
    # the methods are actually defined.  (I just put it here because I
    # like to define and document all class attributes in the same
    # place.)  Subclasses that add another _check_*() method should
    # define their own CHECK_METHODS list that adds their check method
    # to those from this class.

    # -- Constructor/initialization methods ----------------------------

    def __init__ (self, *opts, **attrs):
        # Set _short_opts, _long_opts attrs from 'opts' tuple
        opts = self._check_opt_strings(opts)

        # Set all other attrs (action, type, etc.) from 'attrs' dict

        # Check all the attributes we just set.  There are lots of
        # complicated interdependencies, but luckily they can be farmed
        # out to the _check_*() methods listed in CHECK_METHODS -- which
        # could be handy for subclasses!  The one thing these all share
        # is that they raise OptionError if they discover a problem.
        for checker in self.CHECK_METHODS:

    def _check_opt_strings (self, opts):
        # Filter out None because early versions of Optik had exactly
        # one short option and one long option, either of which
        # could be None.
        opts = filter(None, opts)
        if not opts:
            raise OptionError("at least one option string must be supplied",
        return opts

    def _set_opt_strings (self, opts):
        self._short_opts = []
        self._long_opts = []
        for opt in opts:
            if len(opt) < 2:
                raise OptionError(
                    "invalid option string %r: "
                    "must be at least two characters long" % opt, self)
            elif len(opt) == 2:
                if not (opt[0] == "-" and opt[1] != "-"):
                    raise OptionError(
                        "invalid short option string %r: "
                        "must be of the form -x, (x any non-dash char)" % opt,
                if not (opt[0:2] == "--" and opt[2] != "-"):
                    raise OptionError(
                        "invalid long option string %r: "
                        "must start with --, followed by non-dash" % opt,

    def _set_attrs (self, attrs):
        for attr in self.ATTRS:
            if attrs.has_key(attr):
                setattr(self, attr, attrs[attr])
                del attrs[attr]
                if attr == 'default':
                    setattr(self, attr, NO_DEFAULT)
                    setattr(self, attr, None)
        if attrs:
            raise OptionError(
                "invalid keyword arguments: %s" % ", ".join(attrs.keys()),

    # -- Constructor validation methods --------------------------------

    def _check_action (self):
        if self.action is None:
            self.action = "store"
        elif self.action not in self.ACTIONS:
            raise OptionError("invalid action: %r" % self.action, self)

    def _check_type (self):
        if self.type is None:
            # XXX should factor out another class attr here: list of
            # actions that *require* a type
            if self.action in ("store", "append"):
                # No type given?  "string" is the most sensible default.
                self.type = "string"
            if self.type not in self.TYPES:
                raise OptionError("invalid option type: %r" % self.type, self)
            if self.action not in self.TYPED_ACTIONS:
                raise OptionError(
                    "must not supply a type for action %r" % self.action, self)

    def _check_dest (self):
        if self.action in self.STORE_ACTIONS and self.dest is None:
            # No destination given, and we need one for this action.
            # Glean a destination from the first long option string,
            # or from the first short option string if no long options.
            if self._long_opts:
                # eg. "--foo-bar" -> "foo_bar"
                self.dest = self._long_opts[0][2:].replace('-', '_')
                self.dest = self._short_opts[0][1]

    def _check_const (self):
        if self.action != "store_const" and self.const is not None:
            raise OptionError(
                "'const' must not be supplied for action %r" % self.action,
    def _check_nargs (self):
        if self.action in self.TYPED_ACTIONS:
            if self.nargs is None:
                self.nargs = 1
        elif self.nargs is not None:
            raise OptionError(
                "'nargs' must not be supplied for action %r" % self.action,

    def _check_callback (self):
        if self.action == "callback":
            if not callable(self.callback):
                raise OptionError(
                    "callback not callable: %r" % self.callback, self)
            if (self.callback_args is not None and
                type(self.callback_args) is not TupleType):
                raise OptionError(
                    "callback_args, if supplied, must be a tuple: not %r"
                    % self.callback_args, self)
            if (self.callback_kwargs is not None and
                type(self.callback_kwargs) is not DictType):
                raise OptionError(
                    "callback_kwargs, if supplied, must be a dict: not %r"
                    % self.callback_kwargs, self)
            if self.callback is not None:
                raise OptionError(
                    "callback supplied (%r) for non-callback option"
                    % self.callback, self)
            if self.callback_args is not None:
                raise OptionError(
                    "callback_args supplied for non-callback option", self)
            if self.callback_kwargs is not None:
                raise OptionError(
                    "callback_kwargs supplied for non-callback option", self)

    CHECK_METHODS = [_check_action,

    # -- Miscellaneous methods -----------------------------------------

    def __str__ (self):
        if self._short_opts or self._long_opts:
            return "/".join(self._short_opts + self._long_opts)
            raise RuntimeError, "short_opts and long_opts both empty!"

    def takes_value (self):
        return self.type is not None

    # -- Processing methods --------------------------------------------

    def check_value (self, opt, value):
        checker = self.TYPE_CHECKER.get(self.type)
        if checker is None:
            return value
            return checker(self, opt, value)

    def process (self, opt, value, values, parser):

        # First, convert the value(s) to the right type.  Howl if any
        # value(s) are bogus.
        if value is not None:
            if self.nargs == 1:
                value = self.check_value(opt, value)
                value = tuple([self.check_value(opt, v) for v in value])

        # And then take whatever action is expected of us.
        # This is a separate method to make life easier for
        # subclasses to add new actions.
        return self.take_action(
            self.action, self.dest, opt, value, values, parser)

    def take_action (self, action, dest, opt, value, values, parser):
        if action == "store":
            setattr(values, dest, value)
        elif action == "store_const":
            setattr(values, dest, self.const)
        elif action == "store_true":
            setattr(values, dest, 1)
        elif action == "store_false":
            setattr(values, dest, 0)
        elif action == "append":
            values.ensure_value(dest, []).append(value)
        elif action == "count":
            setattr(values, dest, values.ensure_value(dest, 0) + 1)
        elif action == "callback":
            args = self.callback_args or ()
            kwargs = self.callback_kwargs or {}
            self.callback(self, opt, value, parser, *args, **kwargs)
        elif action == "help":
        elif action == "version":
            raise RuntimeError, "unknown action %r" % self.action

        return 1

# class Option

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