Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: karrigell version File versions  Download package

ImportManager.py

#!/usr/bin/env python
# $Id: ImportManager.py,v 1.2 2005/01/03 20:03:32 tavis_rudd Exp $

"""Provides an emulator/replacement for Python's standard import system.

@@TR: This code is now unsupported.  You're on your own with it!

This is a hacked/documented version of Gordon McMillan's iu.py. I have:

  - made it a little less terse

  - added docstrings and explanatations

  - standardized the variable naming scheme

  - reorganized the code layout to enhance readability

Meta-Data
================================================================================
Author: Tavis Rudd <tavis@damnsimple.com>  based on Gordon McMillan's iu.py
License: This software is released for unlimited distribution under the
         terms of the Python license.
Version: $Revision: 1.2 $
Start Date: 2001/03/30
Last Revision Date: $Date: 2005/01/03 20:03:32 $
""" 
__author__ = "Tavis Rudd <tavis@damnsimple.com>"
__revision__ = "$Revision: 1.2 $"[11:-2]

##################################################
## DEPENDENCIES

import sys
import imp
import marshal

##################################################
## CONSTANTS & GLOBALS

try:
    True,False
except NameError:
    True, False = (1==1),(1==0)

_installed = False

STRINGTYPE = type('')

# _globalOwnerTypes is defined at the bottom of this file

_os_stat = _os_path_join = _os_getcwd = _os_path_dirname = None

##################################################
## FUNCTIONS

def _os_bootstrap():
    """Set up 'os' module replacement functions for use during import bootstrap."""

    names = sys.builtin_module_names

    join = dirname = None
    if 'posix' in names:
        sep = '/'
        from posix import stat, getcwd
    elif 'nt' in names:
        sep = '\\'
        from nt import stat, getcwd
    elif 'dos' in names:
        sep = '\\'
        from dos import stat, getcwd
    elif 'os2' in names:
        sep = '\\'
        from os2 import stat, getcwd
    elif 'mac' in names:
        from mac import stat, getcwd
        def join(a, b):
            if a == '':
                return b
            path = s
            if ':' not in a:
                a = ':' + a
            if a[-1:] != ':':
                a = a + ':'
            return a + b
    else:
        raise ImportError, 'no os specific module found'

    if join is None:
        def join(a, b, sep=sep):
            if a == '':
                return b
            lastchar = a[-1:]
            if lastchar == '/' or lastchar == sep:
                return a + b
            return a + sep + b

    if dirname is None:
        def dirname(a, sep=sep):
            for i in range(len(a)-1, -1, -1):
                c = a[i]
                if c == '/' or c == sep:
                    return a[:i]
            return ''
    
    global _os_stat
    _os_stat = stat

    global _os_path_join
    _os_path_join = join

    global _os_path_dirname
    _os_path_dirname = dirname
    
    global _os_getcwd
    _os_getcwd = getcwd
    
_os_bootstrap()

def packageName(s):
    for i in range(len(s)-1, -1, -1):
        if s[i] == '.':
            break
    else:
        return ''
    return s[:i]

def nameSplit(s):
    rslt = []
    i = j = 0
    for j in range(len(s)):
        if s[j] == '.':
            rslt.append(s[i:j])
            i = j+1
    if i < len(s):
        rslt.append(s[i:])
    return rslt

def getPathExt(fnm):
    for i in range(len(fnm)-1, -1, -1):
        if fnm[i] == '.':
            return fnm[i:]
    return ''

def pathIsDir(pathname):
    "Local replacement for os.path.isdir()."
    try:
        s = _os_stat(pathname)
    except OSError:
        return None
    return (s[0] & 0170000) == 0040000

def getDescr(fnm):
    ext = getPathExt(fnm)
    for (suffix, mode, typ) in imp.get_suffixes():
        if suffix == ext:
            return (suffix, mode, typ)

##################################################
## CLASSES

00161 class Owner:
    
    """An Owner does imports from a particular piece of turf That is, there's
    an Owner for each thing on sys.path There are owners for directories and
    .pyz files.  There could be owners for zip files, or even URLs.  A
    shadowpath (a dictionary mapping the names in sys.path to their owners) is
    used so that sys.path (or a package's __path__) is still a bunch of strings,
    """
    
    def __init__(self, path):
        self.path = path

    def __str__(self):
        return self.path
    
    def getmod(self, nm):
        return None
    
class DirOwner(Owner):
    
    def __init__(self, path):
        if path == '':
            path = _os_getcwd()
        if not pathIsDir(path):
            raise ValueError, "%s is not a directory" % path
        Owner.__init__(self, path)
        
    def getmod(self, nm,
               getsuffixes=imp.get_suffixes, loadco=marshal.loads, newmod=imp.new_module):
        
        pth =  _os_path_join(self.path, nm)

        possibles = [(pth, 0, None)]
        if pathIsDir(pth):
            possibles.insert(0, (_os_path_join(pth, '__init__'), 1, pth))
        py = pyc = None
        for pth, ispkg, pkgpth in possibles:
            for ext, mode, typ in getsuffixes():
                attempt = pth+ext
                try:
                    st = _os_stat(attempt)
                except:
                    pass
                else:
                    if typ == imp.C_EXTENSION:
                        fp = open(attempt, 'rb')
                        mod = imp.load_module(nm, fp, attempt, (ext, mode, typ))
                        mod.__file__ = attempt
                        return mod
                    elif typ == imp.PY_SOURCE:
                        py = (attempt, st)
                    else:
                        pyc = (attempt, st)
            if py or pyc:
                break
        if py is None and pyc is None:
            return None
        while 1:
            if pyc is None or py and pyc[1][8] < py[1][8]:
                try:
                    co = compile(open(py[0], 'r').read()+'\n', py[0], 'exec')
                    break
                except SyntaxError, e:
                    print "Invalid syntax in %s" % py[0]
                    print e.args
                    raise
            elif pyc:
                stuff = open(pyc[0], 'rb').read()
                try:
                    co = loadco(stuff[8:])
                    break
                except (ValueError, EOFError):
                    pyc = None
            else:
                return None
        mod = newmod(nm)
        mod.__file__ = co.co_filename
        if ispkg:
            mod.__path__ = [pkgpth]
            subimporter = PathImportDirector(mod.__path__)
            mod.__importsub__ = subimporter.getmod
        mod.__co__ = co
        return mod


00246 class ImportDirector(Owner):
    """ImportDirectors live on the metapath There's one for builtins, one for
    frozen modules, and one for sys.path Windows gets one for modules gotten
    from the Registry Mac would have them for PY_RESOURCE modules etc.  A
    generalization of Owner - their concept of 'turf' is broader"""

    pass

00254 class BuiltinImportDirector(ImportDirector):
    """Directs imports of builtin modules"""
    def __init__(self):
        self.path = 'Builtins'

    def getmod(self, nm, isbuiltin=imp.is_builtin):
        if isbuiltin(nm):
            mod = imp.load_module(nm, None, nm, ('','',imp.C_BUILTIN))
            return mod
        return None

00265 class FrozenImportDirector(ImportDirector):
    """Directs imports of frozen modules"""
    
    def __init__(self):
        self.path = 'FrozenModules'

    def getmod(self, nm,
               isFrozen=imp.is_frozen, loadMod=imp.load_module):
        if isFrozen(nm):
            mod = loadMod(nm, None, nm, ('','',imp.PY_FROZEN))
            if hasattr(mod, '__path__'):
                mod.__importsub__ = lambda name, pname=nm, owner=self: owner.getmod(pname+'.'+name)
            return mod
        return None


00281 class RegistryImportDirector(ImportDirector):
    """Directs imports of modules stored in the Windows Registry"""

    def __init__(self):
        self.path = "WindowsRegistry"
        self.map = {}
        try:
            import win32api
            ## import win32con
        except ImportError:
            pass
        else:
            HKEY_CURRENT_USER = -2147483647
            HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE = -2147483646
            KEY_ALL_ACCESS = 983103
            subkey = r"Software\Python\PythonCore\%s\Modules" % sys.winver
            for root in (HKEY_CURRENT_USER, HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE):
                try:
                    hkey = win32api.RegOpenKeyEx(root, subkey, 0, KEY_ALL_ACCESS)
                except:
                    pass
                else:
                    numsubkeys, numvalues, lastmodified = win32api.RegQueryInfoKey(hkey)
                    for i in range(numsubkeys):
                        subkeyname = win32api.RegEnumKey(hkey, i)
                        hskey = win32api.RegOpenKeyEx(hkey, subkeyname, 0, KEY_ALL_ACCESS)
                        val = win32api.RegQueryValueEx(hskey, '')
                        desc = getDescr(val[0])
                        self.map[subkeyname] = (val[0], desc)
                        hskey.Close()
                    hkey.Close()
                    break
                
    def getmod(self, nm):
        stuff = self.map.get(nm)
        if stuff:
            fnm, desc = stuff
            fp = open(fnm, 'rb')
            mod = imp.load_module(nm, fp, fnm, desc)
            mod.__file__ = fnm
            return mod
        return None
    
00324 class PathImportDirector(ImportDirector):
    """Directs imports of modules stored on the filesystem."""

    def __init__(self, pathlist=None, importers=None, ownertypes=None):
        if pathlist is None:
            self.path = sys.path
        else:
            self.path = pathlist
        if ownertypes == None:
            self._ownertypes = _globalOwnerTypes
        else:
            self._ownertypes = ownertypes
        if importers:
            self._shadowPath = importers
        else:
            self._shadowPath = {}
        self._inMakeOwner = False
        self._building = {}
        
    def getmod(self, nm):
        mod = None
        for thing in self.path:
            if type(thing) is STRINGTYPE:
                owner = self._shadowPath.get(thing, -1)
                if owner == -1:
                    owner = self._shadowPath[thing] = self._makeOwner(thing)
                if owner:
                    mod = owner.getmod(nm)
            else:
                mod = thing.getmod(nm)
            if mod:
                break
        return mod
    
    def _makeOwner(self, path):
        if self._building.get(path):
            return None
        self._building[path] = 1
        owner = None
        for klass in self._ownertypes:
            try:
                # this may cause an import, which may cause recursion
                # hence the protection
                owner = klass(path)
            except:
                pass
            else:
                break
        del self._building[path]
        return owner

#=================ImportManager============================#
# The one-and-only ImportManager
# ie, the builtin import

UNTRIED = -1

class ImportManager:
    # really the equivalent of builtin import
    def __init__(self):
        self.metapath = [
            BuiltinImportDirector(),
            FrozenImportDirector(),
            RegistryImportDirector(),
            PathImportDirector()
        ]
        self.threaded = 0
        self.rlock = None
        self.locker = None
        self.setThreaded()
        
    def setThreaded(self):
        thread = sys.modules.get('thread', None)
        if thread and not self.threaded:
            self.threaded = 1
            self.rlock = thread.allocate_lock()
            self._get_ident = thread.get_ident
            
    def install(self):
        import __builtin__
        __builtin__.__import__ = self.importHook
        __builtin__.reload = self.reloadHook
        
    def importHook(self, name, globals=None, locals=None, fromlist=None):
        # first see if we could be importing a relative name
        #print "importHook(%s, %s, locals, %s)" % (name, globals['__name__'], fromlist)
        _sys_modules_get = sys.modules.get
        contexts = [None]
        if globals:
            importernm = globals.get('__name__', '')
            if importernm:
                if hasattr(_sys_modules_get(importernm), '__path__'):
                    contexts.insert(0,importernm)
                else:
                    pkgnm = packageName(importernm)
                    if pkgnm:
                        contexts.insert(0,pkgnm)
        # so contexts is [pkgnm, None] or just [None]
        # now break the name being imported up so we get:
        # a.b.c -> [a, b, c]
        nmparts = nameSplit(name)
        _self_doimport = self.doimport
        threaded = self.threaded
        for context in contexts:
            ctx = context
            for i in range(len(nmparts)):
                nm = nmparts[i]
                #print " importHook trying %s in %s" % (nm, ctx)
                if ctx:
                    fqname = ctx + '.' + nm
                else:
                    fqname = nm
                if threaded:
                    self._acquire()
                mod = _sys_modules_get(fqname, UNTRIED)
                if mod is UNTRIED:
                    mod = _self_doimport(nm, ctx, fqname)
                if threaded:
                    self._release()
                if mod:
                    ctx = fqname
                else:
                    break
            else:
                # no break, point i beyond end
                i = i + 1
            if i:
                break
            
        if i<len(nmparts):
            if ctx and hasattr(sys.modules[ctx], nmparts[i]):
                #print "importHook done with %s %s %s (case 1)" % (name, globals['__name__'], fromlist)
                return sys.modules[nmparts[0]]
            del sys.modules[fqname]
            raise ImportError, "No module named %s" % fqname
        if fromlist is None: 
            #print "importHook done with %s %s %s (case 2)" % (name, globals['__name__'], fromlist)
            if context:
                return sys.modules[context+'.'+nmparts[0]]
            return sys.modules[nmparts[0]]
        bottommod = sys.modules[ctx]
        if hasattr(bottommod, '__path__'):
            fromlist = list(fromlist)
            i = 0
            while i < len(fromlist):
                nm = fromlist[i]
                if nm == '*':
                    fromlist[i:i+1] = list(getattr(bottommod, '__all__', []))
                    if i >= len(fromlist):
                        break
                    nm = fromlist[i]
                i = i + 1
                if not hasattr(bottommod, nm):
                    if self.threaded:
                        self._acquire()
                    mod = self.doimport(nm, ctx, ctx+'.'+nm)
                    if self.threaded:
                        self._release()
                    if not mod:
                        raise ImportError, "%s not found in %s" % (nm, ctx)
        #print "importHook done with %s %s %s (case 3)" % (name, globals['__name__'], fromlist)
        return bottommod
    
    def doimport(self, nm, parentnm, fqname):
        # Not that nm is NEVER a dotted name at this point
        #print "doimport(%s, %s, %s)" % (nm, parentnm, fqname)
        if parentnm:
            parent = sys.modules[parentnm]
            if hasattr(parent, '__path__'):
                importfunc = getattr(parent, '__importsub__', None)
                if not importfunc:
                    subimporter = PathImportDirector(parent.__path__)
                    importfunc = parent.__importsub__ = subimporter.getmod
                mod = importfunc(nm)
                if mod:
                    setattr(parent, nm, mod)
            else:
                #print "..parent not a package"
                return None
        else:
            # now we're dealing with an absolute import
            for director in self.metapath:
                mod = director.getmod(nm)
                if mod:
                    break
        if mod:
            mod.__name__ = fqname
            sys.modules[fqname] = mod
            if hasattr(mod, '__co__'):
                co = mod.__co__
                del mod.__co__
                exec co in mod.__dict__
            if fqname == 'thread' and not self.threaded:
##                print "thread detected!"
                self.setThreaded()
        else:
            sys.modules[fqname] = None
        #print "..found %s" % mod
        return mod
    
    def reloadHook(self, mod):
        fqnm = mod.__name__
        nm = nameSplit(fqnm)[-1]
        parentnm = packageName(fqnm)
        newmod = self.doimport(nm, parentnm, fqnm)
        mod.__dict__.update(newmod.__dict__)
##        return newmod
        
    def _acquire(self):
        if self.rlock.locked():
            if self.locker == self._get_ident():
                self.lockcount = self.lockcount + 1
##                print "_acquire incrementing lockcount to", self.lockcount
                return
        self.rlock.acquire()
        self.locker = self._get_ident()
        self.lockcount = 0
##        print "_acquire first time!"
        
    def _release(self):
        if self.lockcount:
            self.lockcount = self.lockcount - 1
##            print "_release decrementing lockcount to", self.lockcount
        else:
            self.rlock.release()
##            print "_release releasing lock!"


##################################################
## MORE CONSTANTS & GLOBALS

_globalOwnerTypes = [
    DirOwner,
    Owner,
]

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index